Diets are a popular topic among many different people worldwide, and much like the practicing
individuals, there are many different kinds with varying aspects to each of them. However, dieting or regaining pounds by using a diet is not the most challenging part of the process. Lina Cellante from LifeApps says that the hardest part is finding the best diet, a specific approach perfect for you.
The reason for this is simple: diets have a logic behind them that should match up with the goals you intend to achieve with eating and drinking habits. Ultimately, our lifestyle, attitude, goals, and needs are the four aspects to determine what is best. Nonetheless, the International Food Information Council has declared that the viable diet for Americans is the ketogenic diet. Nevertheless, what is so particular about the ketogenic diet that makes it a feasible option?
A Little History
The ketogenic diet was a regimen formulated by Dr. Russell Wilder in the 1920s as the primary treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy in children. However, with the emergence of functioning drugs, the “keto” diet lost its appeal in the late 70s. According to the Dietary Standard For Americans, a deficient carbohydrate diet, consisting of high healthy fats, moderate proteins, and very low carbohydrates, are what the “keto” is, allowing only 20-50 grams of non-fiber carbohydrates per day.
The Intricate World of Carbohydrates
One of the main aspects of the diet is restricting the ingestion of carbohydrates, and regarding this, Lina Cellante from LifeApps says its demonization is caused by its link to weight gain and obesity, including its influence on insulin level fluctuation and hunger. Not to mention, “carb” diets are connected to infamous comorbidities such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and even cancer. Two kinds of carbohydrates are recognized today: the simple and the complex.
The simple involve single or double sugar molecules, including glucose, fructose, and lactose found in syrups, fruits, and dairy. However, many love the starches and fibers from the grains, potatoes, and corn are considered complex “carbs”.
An Even More Intricate Process
The ketosis state, a shift from carbohydrates to fats as the primary energy source, is the main goal of the entire diet. As we know, eating carbohydrates is significantly reduced to 50 grams a day, and the body’s compensatory measure would be to mobilize energy from tissues. Glycogen from the liver is an excellent example as the body may mobilize glucose’s other forms. The substance is reduced to glucose from glycogen from chemical reactions known as glycogenolysis, and then the result is pumped up into the bloodstream for energy use.
Another strategy for compensation would be to mobilize all the fats from fatty tissues in the form of triglycerides, which are split into fatty acids that turn into ketone bodies in the end. These methods are the processes that consist of the ketogenic diet.
One move is to mobilize the glucose stored in the liver in the form of glycogen. Glycogen is reduced to glucose (thanks to many different chemical reactions called glycogenolysis) and then rapidly pumped into the bloodstream to give the body some ready-to-use energy. A second move is to mobilize all the fats stored in the fatty tissue in the form of triglycerides. Those triglycerides are split into fatty acids, which eventually give rise to ketone bodies. This two-step strategy put in play by the body is the core around which all the keto diet strategy is based.
However, the one substance that stands out is triglycerides, as these “fats” cause the stomach to grow larger. When on the “keto” diet, mobilization of deposits would decrease fat storage and eventually weight loss.
(More) Reasons Why?
Fat loss and obesity prevention are not the only reasons you should be going “keto” as many other reasons.
Insulin is another aspect of the body that is relied on, but a ketogenic diet merits insulin sensitivity and reduces blood sugar levels. In addition, ketones are used in place of fats and sugars, and these are of great benefit for high-risk diabetes individuals.
A study in 2013 found that going “keto” for 3 to 36 months would help reduce systolic blood pressure in 95% of the subjects. Not only this but the amelioration of hypertension, the stimulation of antioxidant defenses in the body, reducing DNA damage are other benefits.
It is yet fully proven, but a 2008 study has also found that the diet merits reduced hunger and food intake while ketogenic. This is probably due to the reduction in insulin level fluctuations caused by a lack of sugars and the anorexic effect of ketones in the body.
While the diet may seem incredibly unorthodox for some, it proves to be a viable diet for an individual to follow. Not only is fat and obesity avoided, but it also yields good results for the inner machinations of the body.